where did potatoes originate

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The Irish Famine in the western and southern parts of Ireland between 1845 and 1849 was a catastrophic failure in the food supply that led to approximately a million deaths from famine and (especially) diseases that attacked weakened bodies, and to massive emigration to Britain, the U.S., Canada and elsewhere. From that point on, potato slowly started its journey across the continent, but it received great This video is unavailable. Thus, per Jefferson, the cultivation of the potato was definitely Irish. King Louis XVI and his court eagerly promoted the new crop, with Queen Marie Antoinette even wearing a headdress of potato flowers at a fancy dress ball. Recently farmers have developed the potato as a cash crop after introducing several new varieties brought back by migrant laborers from Uganda and other varieties from Kenya.[25]. [24], It is generally believed that potatoes entered Africa with colonists, who consumed them as a vegetable rather than as a staple starch. Potatoes originally came from the Andes in South America (Mann, 2011). U.S. potato production has increased steadily; two-thirds of the crop comes from Idaho, Washington, Oregon, Colorado, and Maine, and potato growers have strengthened their position in both domestic and foreign markets. Relevance. Throughout Europe, the most important new food in the 19th century was the potato, which had three major advantages over other foods for the consumer: its lower rate of spoilage, its bulk (which easily satisfied hunger) and its cheapness. What color is the potato? After Philip II received potatoes from Peru, he sent harvested tubers to the pope, who sent them to the papal ambassador to the Netherlands because he was ill. Clusius indirectly received his tubers from the ambassador; he planted them in Vienna, Frankfurt, and Leyden, and is the person who widely introduced the plant to Europe. As a result, potatoes evolved and were bred to be larger so that they could feed more people. The Andean Indians also prepared a dish called papas secas, which was a process that involved boiling, peeling, and chopping. [16][21][22] At times and places when and where most other crops failed, potatoes could still typically be relied upon to contribute adequately to food supplies during colder years. They are all types of cultivated grasses that … French physician Antoine Parmentier studied the potato intensely and in Examen chymique des pommes de terres ("Chemical examination of potatoes") (Paris, 1774) showed their enormous nutritional value. Watch Queue Queue [39] Potatoes are Canada's most important vegetable crop; they are grown commercially in all its provinces, led by Prince Edward Island. The potato originated from South America, specifically, the Inca grew it in what is today Peru and Bolivia, and, after the Spanish conquistadors discovered the Incan Empire in the early 1500s, they brought the potato back to Europe, where it eventually found it's way to Ireland. managed to domesticate wild potato around 8 millennia BC. reached incredible 324 million tons (74.8 million tons in China, 36.6 in India, 21.1 in Ukraine, 18.3 in United States and 10.2 in Germany, etc.). How The Sweet Potato Crossed The Pacific Way Before The Europeans Did : The Salt The genes of the root vegetable have a juicy story to tell of trans-oceanic adventure. The Inca Indians in Peru were the first to cultivate potatoes around 8,000 BC to 5,000 B.C. The Lumper potato, widely cultivated in western and southern Ireland before and during the Great Famine, was bland, wet and poorly resistant to the potato blight, but yielded large crops and usually provided adequate calories for peasants and labourers. Scientists at the station even began describing their work using engineering language rather than scientific prose. "[5] It had widely replaced the turnip and rutabaga by the 19th century. For many years, potato was accused for causing leprosy, [19] The Dutch potato-starch industry grew rapidly in the 19th century, especially under the leadership of entrepreneur Willem Albert Scholten (1819–92). It spread into France, Germany, Switzerland, Netherlands and England, and caused huge crop failures in which thousands of people died. The first written mention of the potato is a receipt for delivery dated 28 November 1567 between Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Antwerp. William L. Langer, "American Foods and Europe's Population Growth 1750–1850", John Komlos, "The New World's Contribution to Food Consumption During the Industrial Revolution. Fried potatoes were first introduced in the United States by Thomas Jefferson in the late 18th century. and 1593 (Canary Islands received it in 1562). What benefits does the potato have? disease destroyed entire potato production of Ireland. Sir Walter Raleigh introduced potatoes to Ireland in 1589 on the 40,000 acres of land near Cork. Columbus did not personally meet the potato on his overseas journeys. Human settlers reached that part of our world around 15 thousand years ago, and managed to domesticate wild potato around 8 millennia BC. [10], Potato was cultivated by the Chono tribe in Guaitecas Archipelago in Patagonia being this the southern limit of Pre-Hispanic agriculture[11] as noted by the mention of the cultivation of Chiloé potatoes by a Spanish expedition in 1557. The vegetables gardens of Surat and Karnataka had potatoes as mentioned in Fyer's travel record of 1675. In former European colonies of Africa, potatoes were initially consumed only occasionally, but increased production made them a staple in certain areas. By the 1800s, potatoes were a staple in the homes of Irish families. The potato is grown by planting a piece of itself. However, recent evidence has shown that the potato originated from the region of southern Peru. It is one of the oldest vegetables known to mankind. Centuries after they were introduced to Europe and North America, potatoes represent one of the most [22] Potatoes were introduced to Tibet by the 19th century through the trade route from India.[28]. When the potato was taken to Spain, only one variety was taken (Mann, 2011). The earliest cultivation records of the sweet potato date to 750 BCE in Peru, although archeological evidence shows cultivation of the sweet potato might have begun around 2500-1850 BCE. In Northern Europe there were major crop losses lasting throughout the rest of the 19th century. [4] Aside from actual remains, the potato is also found in the Peruvian archaeological record as a design influence of ceramic pottery, often in the shape of vessels. The earliest archaeologically verified potato tuber remains have been found at the coastal site of Ancón (central Peru), dating to 2500 BC. European adoption of potato was slow but steady. Doing this repeatedly allowed for a softening of the potatoes. the centuries of selective breeding, we now have access to over thousand different types of potatoes that are grown all around the word. Tweet. Antoine-Augustin Parmentier, an 18th century advocate of the tuber, came upon the potato during the Seven Years War, during which time he was a prisoner of war. 42 ] planting a piece of itself to gain some traction potato is... Ability to be free from disease and to provide consistent and healthy plants cultivate on small backyard.! ( potato order ) termed the unfamiliar tuber `` a very nutritious food supplement. native of the potato his... 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